Secondhand Smoke

Impressive results of the research, conducted in various cities of Europe, whose goal is to objectify the effect of passive smoking on non-smokers are exposed to harmful tobacco smoke at work and at home. Scientists from the UK (Department of Air Quality Monitoring, Harrogate) and Sweden (Karolinska-Institut, Huddinge) conducted a joint study to find out how high the load is harmful substances as a result of passive smoking, whether it exposed non-smokers, and if so – to what extent. To read more click here: Senator Elizabeth Warren. The study was conducted simultaneously in several European cities, it is attended by non-smoking volunteers. James A. Levine, M.D. is actively involved in the matter. Each of them received the device – monitor, which must be worn on the body. This instrument recorded the presence of the following pollutants: particles of tobacco smoke (ETS – environmental tabacco smoke) and its typical gaseous components (nicotine and 3-vinylpyridine) and inhaled matter in suspension (RSP – respirable suspended particles). Volunteers were selected by random sampling and invited to the first interview. At the same time they completed a questionnaire about their lifestyle and the circumstances under which they are faced with smoking.

Depending on whether they worked or not, were there at his workplace action of tobacco smoke, they live in a family where other members of the smoke, they were assigned to one of six corresponding groups. Subjects explained in detail the goals and objectives of the study and its methodology, and then each handed monitors that they had to wear on the body clock, and the work got 2 monitors, one for work and one for home. In addition, they had to keep a diary of observations. Currently, some published results of the study. We briefly present the results ready by the 2nd Centers: Paris (222 participants) and Lisbon (197 participants). In Lisbon were reported only slight differences in the individual load in different groups of subjects.

The differences between working and nonworking with or without tobacco smoke in the workplace and housewives in the home which smoking were not statistically significant. Was only significant lower rate of loading for housewives living in smoking households. Load for them in terms of 0.4 per year smoked cigarettes. In groups of subjects who were exposed to tobacco smoke both at home and at work, pressure indicators consistent 13 – 19 cigarettes per year. Results from Paris were similar. The lowest pressure recorded at the housewives of Smoking families, it corresponded to a smoked cigarette in the year. We are homemakers, family members who smoke at home, load corresponded to 1.2-3 tobacco cigarettes a year. In the subjects working in a family where there are smokers, recorded the highest burden of tobacco smoke, and it did not depend on whether smoking is someone close to them at work or not. Thus, the results showed that smoking in the home environment has the greatest load hazardous substances in non-smokers.

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